Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

What is Cognitive behaviour therapy?

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) explores the links between thoughts, emotions and behaviour. It is a directive, time-limited, structured approach used to treat a variety of mental health disorders. It is the most widely researched and empirically supported psychotherapeutic method. This strong evidence base is reflected in clinical guidelines, which recommend it as a treatment for many common mental health disorders.

When is Cognitive behaviour therapy used?

CBT is used in psychology to address a wide range of mental health issues. It can be beneficial for individuals experiencing conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, phobias, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), eating disorders, and substance abuse problems.  It is also effective in managing stress, improving self-esteem, and enhancing coping skills.

What can you expect in Cognitive behaviour therapy sessions?

In CBT sessions, you will work closely with your psychologist to explore your thoughts, emotions, and behaviours. Your psychologist will help you identify negative or distorted thinking patterns that contribute to your difficulties. Together, you will develop strategies to challenge and replace these unhelpful thoughts with more realistic and positive ones.

Your psychologist will help you analyse patterns and identify any underlying beliefs or assumptions that may be contributing to your problems.  They will then guide you in learning and practicing new coping skills and strategies to manage challenging situations.

The ultimate goal of CBT is to improve mental health through developing healthier thinking patterns, improving your emotional well-being, and developing effective coping strategies to manage life’s challenges.

Remember, therapy is personalised to your unique needs and experiences. Your psychologist will adapt the approach to ensure it is respectful, empowering, and supportive of your therapeutic journey.


Australian Psychological Society (APS) (2018) Evidence based Psychological interventions in the treatment of mental disorders- A review of the literature, APS)  

Fenn K, Byrne M. The key principles of cognitive behavioural therapy. InnovAiT. 2013;6(9):579-585. doi:10.1177/1755738012471029

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