1. Make a Change
For most people who engage in substance abuse, the most difficult decision to make is whether or not to give up. They may have a sense that they cannot cope without the substance, so it is understandable that it can be very difficult to consider giving up substance use at first.
- Keep track of your substance use – be aware of when, what and where you last used. Remaining aware of your patterns of use can assist you in limiting yourself rather than using the substance excessively without realising.
- Conduct a cost-benefit analysis – Create a list of the costs and benefits of giving up the substance. This may assist you in motivating yourself to quit, and can also pre-empt any challenges you may face during this period. This process can demonstrate to you what changes you are making to your life so that you can be aware of and prepared for what you may experience.
- The important things – Make a list of the important things in your life, such as your family, friends, interests and values. Think about how your decisions to use impact on these areas.
- Discuss with someone – Talk to someone you know and trust about your decision.
- Realise – Know what may be stopping you from quitting or seeking help. Consider what it would take to overcome this obstacle so that you can you can begin to improve your quality of life.
2. Consider Treatment Options
The type of treatment sought depends on the type of substance you use. Consider all the available options in order to seek out what is likely to be most effective.
- No single treatment works for everyone – Each treatment can work differently for different people. Find a treatment that feels right for you, and do not be afraid to tell your practitioner if what they do is not helpful. However, it is also important to stick with one option for a recommended time period before making a decision about whether it is helpful or not. Reducing substance abuse will always be a difficult and distressing process initially, so try to avoid making an assessment of a particular approach too early in the course of treatment.
- Address more than your substance use – Treatment should not only look at your substance use, but should also examine how it affects your life and those around you, as well as how external factors contribute to you these patterns of abuse.
- Commitment – Treatment success will not happen quickly and immediately. Understand that your treatment can take time and stay committed to your chosen path.
- Talk to your GP – Your GP is the gateway to the various treatment options that are available for addressing patterns of substance abuse. It is important to consult with your GP so they can assist you in choosing the options that will best fit with you.
3. Seek Support
Treatment can be very difficult to undertake alone. Having a strong support group to help you through your treatment is important.
- Family and Friends – Family and friends can be a vital and very beneficial support group in helping you through treatment. They will often keep you accountable so that you can stick to the commitments you have made to engage in or abstain from certain behaviours. They can also provide encouragement at times when you need strength and support.
- Sober network – If available, associate with others who have given up substance use. These people will understand your experience and can help you through the process of returning to a healthier lifestyle.
4. Healthy ways to cope with stress
Often those who have abuse substances began because of life stressors. When giving up substance use, it is important to find other ways to deal with stress.
- Exercise – Becoming active and exercising is a great way to relieve built-up stress, and it is also an effective way of releasing endorphins.
- Outdoors – Try relaxing outdoors in the fresh air and warm sun – this is likely to improve your mood due to increased vitamin D levels.
- Music – Music can help your relax. Take time for yourself and listen to your favourite music.
- Meditation – Meditation can help relax your entire body and mind. Research the different ways relaxation can be practiced and choose a method you believe you will be able to actively and regularly engage in.
When giving up substance use it is important to know what triggers are associated with the behaviour – what people, places and things are usually present when you are taking the substance? If these triggers are present, your brain often assumes that drug use will occur and makes biological shifts to prepare for it, which leads to increased cravings for the substance. Identifying what may trigger this response from your body is essential in assisting you to give up substance use, as avoiding these triggers can prevent a relapse.
- Take a break from others who use the substance you are giving up – for instance, often those who abuse drugs have built up a group of friends who are also abuse drugs. During your treatment, try to separate from these people for significant period of time so that you can stay on track and avoid their influence.
- Avoid places where substance use is more prevalent – bars and clubs can be a hot spot for drug and alcohol use. Try to avoid such places so that you are not tempted.
- Caution – If you have to take prescription drugs, make sure to follow the doctor’s recommendations strictly.
6. A meaningful and substance-free life
Try to engage in more meaningful and enjoyable activities. Building a more meaningful and enjoyable lifestyle will help you to avoid relapse, as it can assist previous users in realising that they can have a better life without using the substance.
- Hobbies – Engage in a new and enjoyable hobby, try something new and creative, or something you used to do that you had given up.
- Community – Try to get involved with your community. Volunteer, particularly at places that align with your values.
- Set goals – Have something you wish to work towards. Set a goal that can be accomplished and think of ways to achieve it.
- Relapse – Relapse can be a very big part of substance abuse recovery. Understand that if you relapse, it is not the end of the world. You can try to quit again, and it may take multiple attempts to quit successfully.